Acne Scar Treatment Before & After

Acne Scar Treatment

Acne Scar is a very common condition seen in people like Acne. Acne scars have an unsightly appearance and can also affect the patient by affecting their self-esteem.

Who develops Acne Scar

Scarring in Acne begins early and can affect 90% of patients depending on the severity of Acne and delay in treatment. Some people are more likely to see Scars when their Acne clears. The risk increases when a person.

  • Has inflammatory (swollen, reddish, and painful) Acne These often include Acne cysts and nodules. This type of Acne tends to penetrate deep into the skin, which damages the skin.
  • Delays or does not treat inflammatory Acne the longer a person has inflammatory Acne, the greater the risk of scarring.
  • Picks, squeezes, or pops Acne this increases inflammation, which increases the risk of scarring.
  • Genetic tendency having a blood relative who developed Acne Scars, genes play a large role.

Types of Acne

Acne Scar Treatment

Has inflammatory (swollen, reddish, and painful) Acne These often include Acne cysts and nodules. This type of Acne tends to penetrate deep into the skin, which damages the skin.

  • Delays or does not treat inflammatory Acne the longer a person has inflammatory Acne, the greater the risk of scarring.
  • Picks, squeezes, or pops Acne this increases inflammation, which increases the risk of scarring.
  • Genetic tendency having a blood relative who developed Acne Scars, genes play a large role.
Types of Acne Scar 2

When acne breakout penetrates the skin , they damage the skin below it . Once teh acne clears  the skin  tries to heal. This healing process can lead to :

  • Producing less collagen
  • Producing too much collagen
  • Stimulating pigment cells

Depending on the type of healing response , the  acne scars will be different :

  • Depressed Scars-  occur due the production of  less collagen . depending on the collagen produced they can be icepick scars, rolling scars, box scars . they all appear as pits of different depth. 
  •  Raised Scars – occur due to the increased production of collagen like keloids.
  • Pigmented scars  – appear as small , flat brown to black spots in the area of acne .They occur due to activation of pigment cells.

How to Effectively Treat Acne Scars

Acne scars once developed require  different treatment modalities depending on the type of scar . People get confused with the various names that float around in the market to make the treatment more lucrative . We have to understand that basically only the following treatment modalities are available that can be either used in combination or alone  to treat an  Acne Scar. At Clinic Eximus , we use a combination of methods to give you lasting results for Acne Scar .

Collagen Induction Treatment

The basis of this Treatment is to stimulate Collagen production. Since we understood earlier that the amount of collagen produced determines the type of scar. Hence the Depressed scars, which are caused by reduced collagen are the best first for this type of Treatment.
Collagen induction can be achieved by various techniques like.

Microneedling

This Treatment  stimulates the skin to produce more collagen and thus treating depressed Scars like the Icepik ,Box Scar and Rolling Scars. It uses devices with microneedles that puncture the skin, thereby creating an injury which the body repairs by producing collagen.

  • It is painless as it is done after applying a numbing cream.
  • Very effective even for Old Scars.
  • Different serums can be used to boost collagen production along the Microneedling.
  • Minimal downtime .

Resurfacing Treatment

When a patient wants to reduce the appearance of Acne scarring over a large area, then Resurfacing Treatments are recommended. Resurfacing allows the layers of skin to be removed at a Microscopic level, thereby stimulating skin to produce new skin cells leading to production of an even skin. Resurfacing works well on Acne Scars that are flat and not very deep.
Different techniques are available to do resurfacing like.

Lasers

Lasers

The two most common lasers used for resurfacing are CO2 and Erbium . Each laser vaporises the damaged skin at surface level , thus the new skin develops.

Co2 Laser Resurfacing

This uses the Fractionated co2 Laser that uses mini pulses of Laser to vaporise the skin Recovery may take upto 2 weeks.

Erbium Laser Resurfacing

Erbium Laser Resurfacing

Uses Erbium Laser to Resurface Can be used in deeper Scars Laser downtime.

Chemical Peels

Chemical Peels

Chemical Peels can give amazing results in Treatment of different types of Acne Scars. They can also be used to treat deep Acne Scars. Peels like Jessners, Cross Peel , Yellow peel achieve desired results with lesser costing than Laser Treatments.

Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion

It uses specialised machines to micro abrade the skin at microscopic level. It is useful for superficial and shallow scars Effective No downtime Painless, no numbing required.

Filler Treatment

  • It is a Treatment of choice for depressed Scars .
  • Hyaluronic acid fillers can be used
  • Fat from persons own body can also be used
  • The effect remains from a few months to years depending on the filler used.

Acne Scar Surgical Treatment

  • Usually indicated for depressed Scars that have a centre that is tethered down to the Underlying Skin 
  • Principle is to dislodge the tethered centre and stimulate collagen production .
  • Called as Subcision and is very effective.
  • Usually combined with 1 or other modality of Treatments.

Injection Treatment

  • Indicated for Raised Scars 
  • Injections of different medicines are given to dissolve the extra collagen that is formed,  giving an even look
  • Can be combined with other forms of treatments 

Acne Scar Treatment Featured Video

Acne Scar Treatment Products

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Acne Scar Treatment FAQ's

Acne is temporary, but unfortunately Acne scarring is permanent . Scarring in Acne occurs early, depending on severity of Acne and delay in treatment. 

 Parents of adolescents should be counseled to start treatment in the early stages and not wait till it becomes severe . Most parents delay treatment in the belief that Acne is a part of Growing phase and will go away. This is not the right approach . Treating Acne as soon as it develops is  the most effective way to avoid it.

When the child grows up most teenagers start over the counter treatments or medications advised by their friends , chemist or over the Internet many times. They end up applying medicines that do not treat but worsen the Acne. This becomes a vicious cycle and can lead to severe Acne Scars . it is advisable not to use such medicines . 

Simple things you can do to avoid Acne Scars are :

  • Avoid inflammation,  treat early .
  • Avoid things that irritate the skin such as scrubs, facials.  Irritating  skin products ettc. 
  • Do not squeeze or pick acne lesions. This can lead to severe Acne Scars. If you are an individual who has a tendency for hyperpigmentation ensure that your acne is treated early. 
  • Treat severe acne aggressively severe Acne requires aggressive treatment to avoid Acne Scars

Yes acne scar treatments do work , combination treatments work better, the earlier you start the treatment , the better will be the results .

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