Diabetic Foot

Diabetes is a disease that causes insufficient insulin production or low sensitivity to insulin. Prolonged levels of high blood sugar circulating leads to damaging effects on the feet. Two main problems occur in people with diabetes called :

Peripheral  Vascular Disease 

 Diabetic  Neuropathy

These both affect the feet and are called as Diabetic Foot

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Peripheral Vascular Disease

Diabetes leads to changes in the blood vessels including arteries, fatty deposits block vessels leading to reduced flow. This reduced flow leads to pain, infection and wounds that heal slowly leading to Diabetic Feet. This may also lead to amputation if not treated early.

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Diabetic Neuropathy

Long standing Diabetes can cause nerve damage to the feet making it hard for people to feel sensation in their extremities. This condition prevents people from feeling the sensation in their extremities leading to cuts, sores, ulcers that can lead to gangrene. Gangrene if not treated early can cause amputation of the limbs. This is also a feature of Diabetic Foot.

Symptoms of Diabetic Foot

    • Loss of feeling
    • Numbness or tingling sensation
    • Blisters or other wounds without pain
    • Skin discoloration
    • Temperature changes in skin
    • Wounds
    • Painful tingling
    • Stains on socks 

In case an infection develops then the patient may have :

    • Fever
    • Chills
    • Uncontrolled sugar levels
    • Shock
    • Redness
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When to see your Doctor for Diabetic Foot

Be on a look out for any of these signs. in case you develop them, you must visit Clinic Eximus for treatment of Diabetic Foot :

    • Changes in color of the skin of your foot
    • Swelling of foot and ankle
    • Temperature change in feet
    • Persistent sores
    • Pain and tingling sensation
    • Ingrown toenails
    •  Fungal infection
    • Any signs of infection 

Treatment of Diabetic Foot

Depending on the condition of the foot, treatment can be :

    • Non Surgical or
    •  Surgical 
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Non Surgical Treatment of Diabetic Foot

    • Keeping the wound clean
    • Immobilisation of wound
    • Close watch on progress of wound 

Surgical Treatment of Diabetic Foot

    • Surgical Debridement
    • Amputation
    • Surgical stabilization
    • Endo vascular surgery to restore blood supply 
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FAQ's

Diabetic Foot is a constant clinical problem . Most patient avoid treatment during the early stages leading to progression of disease needing Amputation . in the early stages , it is controllable

 

Diabetics should not soak their feet as it can cause infection  if the skin breaks down.

Yes, wearing socks can help keep feet warm and  maintain the blood flow

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