Melasma is a common skin problem. It causes brown to gray-brown patches, usually on the face. Most people get it on their cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip. It also can appear on other parts of the body that get lots of sun, such as the forearms and neck.
Your forehead is a common place to get Melasma.
Melasma appears on women’s skin much more often than men’s skin. Just 10% of people who get melasma are men.
People with darker skin, such as those of Latin/Hispanic, North African, African-American, Asian, Indian, Middle Eastern, or Mediterranean descent are more likely to get melasma. People who have a blood relative who had Melasma also are much more likely to get melasma.
What causes Melasma is not yet clear. It likely occurs when the color-making cells in the skin (melanocytes) produce too much color. People with skin of color are more prone to melasma because they have more active melanocytes than people with light skin.
Melasma is a multifactorial disease. That is it can have many Triggers .
Melasma can fade on its own. This usually happens when a trigger, such as a pregnancy or birth control pills, causes Melasma. When a woman delivers her baby or stops taking the birth control pills, Melasma can fade.
However, some people have Melasma for years, or even a lifetime. If the Melasma does not go away or a woman wants to keep taking birth control pills, Melasma Treatments are available.
One of the most common and safest methods to treat Melasma is the use of Chemical Peels :
The newer approaches to melasma treatment is the use of low energy Q Switch Nd- Yag Laser :
These Include medicines that are used to be directly Injected in the area of Melasma :
Since melasma is a complex situation that is caused by multiple factors inside the body a multiple approach is needed for its management , hence the use of medicines :
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This totally depends on the reason why Mealsma started in the first place. Many melasmas associated with pregnancy tend to fade out after childbirth , but some melasmas don’t. It is always advisable to treat melasma at its first sight .
Though There is no cure to treat melasma permanently , it can be reduced by medicines and procedures like laser toning , chemical peels etc. these also help to prevent melasma from getting worse.
No, usually starts as uneven skin tone in an area ,and then progresses to become more prominent .
Pigmentation of any kind – uneven skin tone , freckles, melasma should be treated at its first skin , this is the only way to stop it from becoming worse
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